Scouting Chapter Two
For some time now I have been compiling my resources from copies of articles in Civil War newspapers and old maps to gathering all of the data available to map areas of interest to me. Here represented in six pictures you will see the result of my research on old Fort Grant in Arizona.
The materials that I used was information derived from the internet relating to Fort Grant, one of the Civil War CD-ROMs that are currently available, the Trailer Life CD-ROM, Delorme’s Street Atlas 6 CD-ROM, and Delorme’s Topo maps CD-ROM. The Street Atlas and Topo will run from the Earthmate 12 channel GPS and indicate Lon/Lat info and a marker on the map indicating your current location. A great help as you are closing in on a remote site! I use these on my laptop computer from my motorhome where power is always available from a solar system, large deep cycle battery, and a Statpower Prowatt 250 inverter to provide 115VAC current.
Here is some info obtained from the internet on the site. Note the date of 1872? Did you see the Civil War map of 1864? It seems that someone got their history mixed up…
On December 19, 1872, Fort Grant was established at the foot of Mount Graham by direction of General Crook. In January of 1873, eleven companies of cavalry and infantry were transferred to Fort Grant, under the command of Major Brown. They immediately started work on the construction of a commissary building, officer’s quarters and a wagon road up the side of Mount Graham. Troops patrolled southeast Arizona and western New Mexico chasing small marauding bands of Apache Indians and keeping the peace. Troops from Fort Grant participated in the military campaign against Geronimo which ended with Geronimo’s surrender in August of 1886. In 1888, the Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th Cavalry were used in civil duties and chasing train robbers. Starting in 1900, Fort Grant was a collection point for troops going to the Philippines during the Spanish American War.
This map is from one of my Civil War CD-ROMs
This Picture is from my Trailer life CD-ROM
This picture is from Delorme’s Street Atlas 6 (wide view). Note it shows in the highlighted areas where there are national forests and Indian reservations. Something you might want to know before you try metal detecting there.
This picture is from Delorme’s Street Atlas 6 (zoom view). Please note the contributions from this software. It has longitude and latitude readout from the cursor! It will also indicate all creeks and rivers. Many maps don’t show this.
This picture is from Delorme’s Topo CD-ROMs maps (standard view). It shows the elevation and topographical lines of elevation on the normal map.
Here is Delorme’s Topo CD-ROM map with the 3D view. I find this one to give a quick overall view of the terrain and very helpful in locating old sites. The 3D graphic has selectable magnifications so that it is possible to raise the level to view sites that to not have the high mountains where you can view them better.
The date puzzle is somewhat solved on the different dates the fort was built. It was renamed Fort Breckinridge, (1857 – 1861), A subpost of Fort Buchanan. It was abandoned. California Volunteers then established Camp Stanford (1862 – 1864) and later renamed it Camp Grant (1864 – 1866). As you can see they loved to rename things every year or two back then. That makes research that much harder. Does anyone know of an internet website that has data on towns that have been renamed?
Could you have found a likely fort site without the marker? Note the marked fort site on Aravaipa creek. It overlooks the Aravaipa creek basin and the San Pedro river. A natural pathway for Indian bands or Civil War troops to move along. Did you see the difference in the 1864 spelling of the creek? It was Rio Aravaypa on the 1864 map and the name was changed to Aravaipa. It also changed from Rio which I believe is Spanish for river to a creek. You have to be aware of name changes but you can always find old sites to hunt even without all the research if you use the mapping and look for good sites to build an early outpost. Be sure to include available water and a view to watch travelers and an elevated place to camp at. It gets simpler all the time if you have the tools.
I have not hunted this old fort, I only used it for an example, and if you live close then give it a try and be sure to let me know how it worked out.